Cairo is amazing, lovely, and occasionally frustrating. The muezzins’ distorted call to prayer can be heard echoing from above from rival minarets. Below, huge Fatimid and Mamluk monuments line the dusty streets that are bordered by automobile horns that blare tuneless symphonies amid avenues of faded 19th-century grandeur. Donkey carts also rumble down these lanes.
The 22 million or more residents of this megacity create a continual buzz and loudness while also raising Cairo’s spirits with their extraordinary sense of humour. The spirit of the location Egyptians refer to as Umm Ad Dunya – the Mother of the World – can make you nervous during a visit, but it’s a tiny price to pay to connect with it.
The Giza Pyramids, the final surviving example of an ancient wonder, have elicited the obvious questions of “How were they built, and why?” for over 4,000 years due to their amazing design, perfect geometry, and sheer size. Some of the solution has been revealed to us by centuries of inquiry. They were created by tens of thousands-strong teams of labourers under the pharaohs’ orders as enormous tombs. Currently, they serve as a breathtaking memorial to the power, efficiency, and accomplishments of ancient Egypt.
Ongoing excavations on the Giza Plateau and the discovery of a pyramid-builders’ settlement, complete with spaces for massive food production and medical facilities, have given more proof that the workers were not the slaves of Hollywood tradition, but rather an organised workforce of Egyptian farmers. The same farmers might have been sent by the highly organised bureaucracy to work on the pharaoh’s tomb during the flood season, when the Nile covered their fields. So, it’s virtually possible to think of the Pyramids as a prehistoric plan for generating employment. Additionally, the flood waters made it simpler to move building stone to the construction site.
Some people, however, still refuse to believe that the ancient Egyptians were capable of such accomplishments, despite the evidence. As proof that angels or extraterrestrials built the Pyramids, so-called pyramidologists refer to the stones’ millimeter-level cutting and arrangement as well as the buildings’ numerological significance. It’s simple to laugh at these bizarre theories, but if you view the monuments up close, especially inside, you’ll see why so many people think such magnificent constructions must have come from somewhere other than Earth.
Most tourists will head directly for the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khafre, the Pyramid of Menkaure, and the Sphinx, which are the four most well-known attractions. However, the desert plateau surrounding the pyramids is strewn with tombs, temple remains, and smaller satellite pyramids for those who choose to continue their exploration.